Located in the centre of the Red River Delta, Hai Duong province is one of seven localities in the northern key economic region.
Hai Duong city is the administrative, economic and cultural centre of the province
It is viewed as a dynamic economic centre and an important driving force of the northern region and the whole country.
The province has 12 administrative units, including two cities, one town and nine districts, with Hai Duong city being its economic, political, and cultural centre.
Hai Duong covers an area of 1,668.39 sq.km and belongs to the monsoon tropical zone. The average temperature was 25.3 degree Celsius in 2019, with a total of 1,549 hours of sunshine. The average rainfall stood at 104.6 mm per month and the average humidity was 84 percent in the year.
The province’s population was over 1,907,000 in January 2022, ranking ninth in the country and third in the Red River Delta, behind Ha Noi and Hai Phong. Some 31.4 percent of the population live in urban areas.
In 2019, the province’s population structure based on age groups was as follows: people under 15 made up 24.1 percent; people aged 15-59, 60.3 percent; and those aged 60 and above, 15.6 percent.
Kinh people accounted for a lion’s share of 99.4 percent of the province’s population. Nearly 11,000 people were ethnic minorities who came from other places to seek jobs and get married in the province.
Thieu lychee is one of Hai Duong’s specialties
The province boasts a workforce of 1.07 million, with those in the working age accounting for 83.6 percent. Some 1.05 million of them have stable jobs, including 28.8 percent in the agro-forestry-fishery sector, 45.2 percent in the industrial and construction sector, and 26.1 percent in the service sector.
The basically complete infrastructure system has enabled the province to boost socio-economic development and better connect with other localities in the region. Infrastructure in local industrial parks and clusters has been completed, creating optimal conditions to attract investors.
The province now has 11 operational industrial parks, with a combined area of 1,470 ha. The occupancy rate in those parks hits 84 percent. In addition, there are 53 industrial clusters scattering at favourable locations of 11 localities in the province, spanning 2,685 ha. They have lured more than 300 investment projects, with an occupancy rate of over 62 percent.
By the end of 2021, Hai Duong was home to 492 foreign investment projects, with a combined registered capital of 9.227 billion USD, from 26 countries and territories (251 projects inside and 241 projects outside industrial parks, with a total capital of 5.046 billion USD and 4.181 billion USD, respectively). The total disbursed investment of FDI enterprises was estimated at 6.88 billion USD.
In 2021, the province’s Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) increased by 8.6 percent year-on-year, ranking fourth in the Red River Delta and among eight provinces and cities with the highest growth rates in the country. In the 2015-2020 period, the province recorded an average growth rate of 8.1 percent per annum, higher than the national average of 6.1 percent.
Industry accounts for 54.9 percent of the provincial economy
The provincial economy mainly focused on industrial and service sectors, which accounted for 54.9 and 26.6 percent, respectively. The agro-forestry-fishery sector only made up 9.4 percent. The GRDP per capita stood at 77 million VND (3,367 USD).
The province exported goods worth 9.859 billion USD in 2021. Exports in the 2016-2020 period surged by 12.5 percent a year, helping Hai Duong always among 10 provinces and cities with the highest export value in the country.
Implementing the policy of streamlining the administrative management system, Hai Duong carried out a plan on re-arranging communal-level administrative units. As a result, the province now has 235 administrative units at the communal level (47 wards, 10 townships and 178 communes), down 30 units or 11.3 percent.
At the same time, the province actively reviewed and re-arranged villages and residential areas to improve the efficiency of activities at the grassroots level. By early 2020, the province had had 1,334 villages and residential areas, a decrease of 135 ones or 3.2 percent.